## Square digit chains

### Problem 92

Published on Friday, 1st April 2005, 06:00 pm; Solved by 24758A number chain is created by continuously adding the square of the digits in a number to form a new number until it has been seen before.

For example,

44 → 32 → 13 → 10 → **1** → **1**

85 → **89** → 145 → 42 → 20 → 4 → 16 → 37 → 58 → **89**

Therefore any chain that arrives at 1 or 89 will become stuck in an endless loop. What is most amazing is that EVERY starting number will eventually arrive at 1 or 89.

How many starting numbers below ten million will arrive at 89?