π sequences

 Published on Saturday, 9th September 2017, 04:00 pm; Solved by 844;
Difficulty rating: 20%

Problem 609

For every $n \ge 1$ the prime-counting function $\pi(n)$ is equal to the number of primes not exceeding $n$.
E.g. $\pi(6)=3$ and $\pi(100)=25$.

We say that a sequence of integers $u = (u_0,\cdots,u_m)$ is a $\pi$ sequence if

  • $u_n \ge 1$ for every $n$
  • $u_{n+1}= \pi(u_n)$
  • $u$ has two or more elements

For $u_0=10$ there are three distinct $\pi$ sequences: (10,4), (10,4,2) and (10,4,2,1).

Let $c(u)$ be the number of elements of $u$ that are not prime.
Let $p(n,k)$ be the number of $\pi$ sequences $u$ for which $u_0\le n$ and $c(u)=k$.
Let $P(n)$ be the product of all $p(n,k)$ that are larger than 0.
You are given: P(10)=3×8×9×3=648 and P(100)=31038676032.

Find $P(10^8)$. Give your answer modulo 1000000007.