## Pencils of rays

### Problem 372

Let $R(M, N)$ be the number of lattice points $(x, y)$ which satisfy $M\!\lt\!x\!\le\!N$, $M\!\lt\!y\!\le\!N$ and $\large\left\lfloor\!\frac{y^2}{x^2}\!\right\rfloor$ is odd.

We can verify that $R(0, 100) = 3019$ and $R(100, 10000) = 29750422$.

Find $R(2\cdot10^6, 10^9)$.

__ Note__: $\lfloor x\rfloor$ represents the floor function.