Problem 259Published on Saturday, 10th October 2009, 01:00 pm; Solved by 1067; Difficulty rating: 70%
A positive integer will be called reachable if it can result from an arithmetic expression obeying the following rules:
- Uses the digits 1 through 9, in that order and exactly once each.
- Any successive digits can be concatenated (for example, using the digits 2, 3 and 4 we obtain the number 234).
- Only the four usual binary arithmetic operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division) are allowed.
- Each operation can be used any number of times, or not at all.
- Unary minus is not allowed.
- Any number of (possibly nested) parentheses may be used to define the order of operations.
For example, 42 is reachable, since (1/23) * ((4*5)-6) * (78-9) = 42.
What is the sum of all positive reachable integers?