## Consecutive die throws

### Problem 423

Published on Sunday, 14th April 2013, 10:00 am; Solved by 207

Let n be a positive integer.
A 6-sided die is thrown n times. Let c be the number of pairs of consecutive throws that give the same value.

For example, if n = 7 and the values of the die throws are (1,1,5,6,6,6,3), then the following pairs of consecutive throws give the same value:
(1,1,5,6,6,6,3)
(1,1,5,6,6,6,3)
(1,1,5,6,6,6,3)
Therefore, c = 3 for (1,1,5,6,6,6,3).

Define C(n) as the number of outcomes of throwing a 6-sided die n times such that c does not exceed π(n).1
For example, C(3) = 216, C(4) = 1290, C(11) = 361912500 and C(24) = 4727547363281250000.

Define S(L) as C(n) for 1 n L.
For example, S(50) mod 1 000 000 007 = 832833871.

Find S(50 000 000) mod 1 000 000 007.

1 π denotes the prime-counting function, i.e. π(n) is the number of primes n.