Pencils of rays
Published on 18 February 2012 at 01:00 pm [Server Time]
Let R(M, N) be the number of lattice points (x, y) which satisfy MxN, MyN and is odd.
We can verify that R(0, 100) = 3019 and R(100, 10000) = 29750422.
Find R(2·106, 109).
Note: represents the floor function.
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