## 2011 nines

### Problem 318

Published on 01 January 2011 at 04:00 pm [Server Time]

Consider the real number √2+√3.
When we calculate the even powers of √2+√3 we get:
(√2+√3)2 = 9.898979485566356...
(√2+√3)4 = 97.98979485566356...
(√2+√3)6 = 969.998969071069263...
(√2+√3)8 = 9601.99989585502907...
(√2+√3)10 = 95049.999989479221...
(√2+√3)12 = 940897.9999989371855...
(√2+√3)14 = 9313929.99999989263...
(√2+√3)16 = 92198401.99999998915...

It looks like that the number of consecutive nines at the beginning of the fractional part of these powers is non-decreasing.
In fact it can be proven that the fractional part of (√2+√3)2n approaches 1 for large n.

Consider all real numbers of the form √p+√q with p and q positive integers and p<q, such that the fractional part of (√p+√q)2n approaches 1 for large n.

Let C(p,q,n) be the number of consecutive nines at the beginning of the fractional part of
(√p+√q)2n.

Let N(p,q) be the minimal value of n such that C(p,q,n) ≥ 2011.

Find ∑N(p,q) for p+q ≤ 2011.