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Best Approximations

Problem 192

Published on 03 May 2008 at 05:00 am [Server Time]

Let x be a real number.
A best approximation to x for the denominator bound d is a rational number r/s in reduced form, with s ≤ d, such that any rational number which is closer to x than r/s has a denominator larger than d:

|p/q-x| < |r/s-x| ⇒ q > d

For example, the best approximation to √13 for the denominator bound 20 is 18/5 and the best approximation to √13 for the denominator bound 30 is 101/28.

Find the sum of all denominators of the best approximations to √n for the denominator bound 1012, where n is not a perfect square and 1 < n ≤ 100000.


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