RSS FeedUse secure connection
projecteuler.net

Ordered radicals

Problem 124

Published on Friday, 14th July 2006, 06:00 pm; Solved by 8092

The radical of n, rad(n), is the product of the distinct prime factors of n. For example, 504 = 23 × 32 × 7, so rad(504) = 2 × 3 × 7 = 42.

If we calculate rad(n) for 1n ≤ 10, then sort them on rad(n), and sorting on n if the radical values are equal, we get:

Unsorted
 
Sorted

n

rad(n)


n

rad(n)

k
1
1
 
1
1
1
2
2
 
2
2
2
3
3
 
4
2
3
4
2
 
8
2
4
5
5
 
3
3
5
6
6
 
9
3
6
7
7
 
5
5
7
8
2
 
6
6
8
9
3
 
7
7
9
10
10
 
10
10
10

Let E(k) be the kth element in the sorted n column; for example, E(4) = 8 and E(6) = 9.

If rad(n) is sorted for 1 ≤ n ≤ 100000, find E(10000).