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Square remainders

Problem 120

Published on Friday, 21st April 2006, 06:00 pm; Solved by 7556

Let r be the remainder when (a−1)n + (a+1)n is divided by a2.

For example, if a = 7 and n = 3, then r = 42: 63 + 83 = 728 ≡ 42 mod 49. And as n varies, so too will r, but for a = 7 it turns out that rmax = 42.

For 3 ≤ a ≤ 1000, find ∑ rmax.